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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Binding and kinetics of the Neurospora VS ribozyme. found in the catalog.

Binding and kinetics of the Neurospora VS ribozyme.

Ricardo Zamel

Binding and kinetics of the Neurospora VS ribozyme.

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Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

The Neurospora VS ribozyme is a catalytic RNA differing from the other small, naturally occurring ribozymes in that it recognizes for trans cleavage or ligation a substrate that consists largely of a stem-loop structure. I have used trans -cleavage kinetics and developed a binding assay for studying the interactions between the VS ribozyme and substrate. I found that a loop-loop kissing interaction is necessary but not sufficient for binding and ligation. The ability to adopt the shifted conformation of stem I, a secondary structure rearrangement of the substrate, is a major determinant of binding affinity. These results implicate the adoption of the shifted structure of stem I as an important process at the binding step in the VS ribozyme reaction pathway. I also found that perturbing a putative metal binding site in the substrate, while having little effect on binding, altered the internal equilibrium between cleavage and ligation.While most of the small ribozymes appear to cleavage with rate constants of typically less than 2 min-1, we have identified variants of the VS ribozyme that self-cleave with experimentally-measured apparent rate constants of up to 10 s-1 (600 min-1), about two orders of magnitude faster than any previously-characterized self-cleaving RNA. We investigated structural features of the cleavage-site loop and an adjacent helix that affect the apparent rate constants for cleavage and ligation, and the equilibrium between them. Detailed kinetic analyses demonstrate the importance of considering product re-association and re-ligation when interpreting ribozyme cleavage kinetics. These data show that the phosphoester transfer ribozymes can catalyze reactions with rate constants much larger than previously appreciated, and in the range of those of protein enzymes that perform similar reactions.

The Physical Object
Pagination145 leaves.
Number of Pages145
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21302926M
ISBN 100494077492


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Binding and kinetics of the Neurospora VS ribozyme. by Ricardo Zamel Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Neurospora VS ribozyme differs from other small, naturally occurring ribozymes in that it recognizes for trans cleavage or ligation a substrate that consists largely of a stem-loop structure. The Neurospora VS ribozyme is a small nucleolytic ribozyme with unique primary, secondary and global tertiary structures, which displays mechanistic similarities to the hairpin ribozyme.

Additional roles of a peripheral loop–loop interaction in the Neurospora VS ribozyme Article (PDF Available) in Nucleic Acids Research 39(14). Abstract. We have used nucleotide analog interference mapping and site-specific substitution to determine the effect of 2′-deoxynucleotide substitution of eachCited by: Enter search terms.

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